Infertility is not gender-specific, can be caused by both male and female factors
Nova IVF Fertility is changing the mind-set and breaking misconceptions about IVF treatment in Lucknow
Infertility is the inability of a couple to become pregnant after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse (using no birth control methods). In the recent years, the prevalence of couples unable to conceive has increased drastically from 14% to about 20% currently. The underlying cause may be due to male or female factors or both. Since men and women can suffer from these problems, which may further hinder a couple's morale in their parenthood journey.
Discussing the myths and facts pertaining to infertility at a press conference held today, Dr Aanchal Garg, Fertility Consultant at Nova IVF Fertility, Lucknow, said, “The inability to give birth to a child when desired is a very personal and stressful experience. Many myths surround this area of human life. Though medical science has brought about a rapidly growing number of interventions and technologies to assist individuals toward pregnancy, much of this is misunderstood. When a couple is unable to conceive naturally, they should seek fertility treatment to understand and address the root cause of the problem and undergo necessary treatment rather than subjecting themselves to guilt and depression.”
Some of the common causes for infertility can be:
Sperm count and movement
One of the most common reasons of male infertility is due to the concentration and motility of their sperm. A semen analysis usually reveals if the male partner is suffering from oligozospermia (low sperm concentration in their semen) or azoospermia (absence of sperm in the semen), though a slightly abnormal result doesn’t necessarily denote infertility. Several treatments are available to help patients with this condition.
In females, anovulation, which is a condition where the ovaries do not release an oocyte during a menstrual cycle thereby preventing ovulation, is one of the most common causes of infertility. Several treatments are available to treat anovulation. Certain lifestyle modifications such as losing 10% of the body weight can also help in overweight and obese women. Tablets can also be used but one needs to be cautious and use the minimal effective dose for not more than 6 months.
Some women may have very few egg producing cells or none in which case donor eggs can be used for treatment
Uterus and fallopian tubes need to be evaluated for suitability before commencing treatment.
About one quarter of infertility cases are due to ovulation disorders. If a woman has an ovulation disorder, she may ovulate infrequently or not at all. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common disorders impacting ovulation. Other causes of ovulation disorders include ovarian insufficiency and hypothalamic amenorrhea.
Root causes behind infertility are not always bound to specific clinical conditions. Heavy alcohol use, smoking, drugs, and the usage of anabolic steroids are some of the reasons why a man’s sperm quality and efficiency drops. Women who are overweight or underweight have an increased risk of infertility and fewer chances of a successful IVF cycle, versus women of normal weight.
In recent years, the success rates of IVF have greatly improved, thanks to the significant advances in Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). Although IVF has several success stories, there are still many myths related to this procedure.
MYTH: Age only affects women’s fertility, not men’s
Both men and women’s fertility rate declines with age. For women, fertility peaks in their early to mid-20s, after which it begins to slowly decline. This decline speeds up after the age of 35.
MYTH: IVF guarantees 100% success; there’s no hope after one IVF failure
The success rate of an IVF treatment highly depends on the age of the woman. For women below the age of 35 with normal ovarian reserve, the success rates have been found to be around 60% – 70%; with an increase in the age, the possibility of success declines. “The failure of one IVF cycle does not indicate a zero chance of pregnancy. The use of Advanced Reproductive Technologies such as Blastocyst Culture helps reduce the risk of repeated IVF failures”, added Dr Aanchal.
MYTH: Frozen embryos are not as effective as fresh embryos
A common myth is that freezing your embryos will make them weaker and less effective. However, embryos frozen by vitrification method have the potential to result in a successful pregnancy just as the fresh ones do. The quality of a frozen embryo depends on factors like the age of the couple, quality of the gametes, etc. Embryo freezing is a suitable option for couples who plan to postpone pregnancy for social or medical reasons.
MYTH: Stick to bed rest after IVF
An IVF pregnancy has to be treated like a normal pregnancy. IVF is nothing but an assisted process in forming an embryo outside the body. Once the embryo goes back into the woman’s body, it needs care just like a naturally conceived embryo. Women can go back to their routine and the usual pregnancy care should be taken.
MYTH: Babies conceived through IVF are born with genetic abnormalities
Chromosomally abnormal embryos may lead to birth defects in the babies either conceived naturally or IVF. However, with modern technologies like PGS and PGD, chromosomal abnormalities can be detected at the embryo stage. This in turn allows for the accurate detection of chromosome errors in the embryo before transfer, increasing the chances of a healthy and genetically normal baby.
About Nova IVF Fertility
Nova IVF Fertility (NIF) is the among the largest service providers in the fertility space. NIF aims to bring advanced Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) to India in partnership with IVF of Spain. The partnership has resulted in a substantial addition to Nova's IVF services and technology, including proprietary software, training, and quality management. With IVF's know-how and vast international expertise, NIF brings the same exceptional standard of processes, protocols, and policies to India.
In addition to providing core procedures such as IUI, IVF, and Andrology services, NIF offers several state-of-the-art technologies such as Vitrification for preserving embryos and eggs, ERA to find out the timing of the uterus' capacity to accept embryos, PGS and PGD for the transfer of genetically normal embryos – all procedures that significantly improve the chances of a pregnancy following IVF-ICSI, even in patients with multiple previous failures. NIF currently operates 20 fertility centres in India (Ahmedabad (2), Bengaluru (3), Chennai, Coimbatore, Hisar, Hyderabad, Indore, Jalandhar, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai (2), New Delhi (2), Pune, Surat, and Vijayawada).
For further information, visit www.novaivifertility.com
Manager – PR, Nova IVF Fertility
Phone: +91 76194 62888