Teratospermia Meaning: Know Common Conditions Affect Male Infertility

Teratospermia Meaning: Know Common Conditions Affect Male Infertility

Did you go for a diagnosis for infertility and find out that you have Teratospermia? One of the common conditions that affect male infertility is teratospermia or teratozoospermia. In this condition, more than 4% of the sperm has abnormal morphology. Before looking at the symptoms, let’s understand what a normal morphology is and an abnormal morphology is.

Sperm Morphology

A normal sperm cell has an oval-shaped head, which contains the genetic information It also has a cap, a neck, a mid-piece, and a tail. The sperm cell of someone who has Teratospermia could have a defective head, no acrosome (cap), or problems with the neck, mid-section, and/or tail. Sometimes, the cell can have double heads or double tails.

Symptoms of Teratospermia

An abnormally-shaped sperm won't be able to transport through the cervix or won't be able to fertilise the egg, thereby causing difficulty in conception.

Causes of teratospermia

  • Infections in the semen
  • Problems with the testes
  • High fever
  • Smoking, drinking, and use of drugs
  • Exposure to toxins
  • Poor diet
  • Obesity
  • Exposure to heat (laptops, cell phones, saunas, etc.)
  • Exposure to environmental factors (pesticides, heavy metals, etc.)
  • Varicocele
  • Coeliac disease
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Genetic
  • Unknown

If you have been diagnosed with teratospermia, you don’t have to worry. Today, with the advancement of medical science there are many treatments available to treat this condition.