We believe that every woman can give birth to a baby and that every man can father children. However, this is not always the case. A man or a woman’s natural capability to reproduce is known as fertility and the inability to do so is referred to as infertility.
Fertility is usually at its peak during the late teenage years and early 20s. As one grows older, fertility levels tend to drop. Apart from age, there are a number of other factors too that can affect fertility in couples.
The good news is that medical science has advanced to a stage where most types of infertility, be it primary or secondary, can be treated and couples can have their own biological children.
Infertility is the inability to conceive naturally despite engaging in carefully timed, unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year. Infertility as a disease has become a growing concern in India with about 10 - 15% of married couples being diagnosed as infertile. It is not gender-specific and can be caused by both male and female factors.
While there are various stigmas attached to infertility, today, with the advancement in medical science infertility can be successfully treated. Advanced reproductive techniques (ARTs) can help couple fight the underlying cause of infertility and achieve their dream of parenthood.
If a couple has been trying to conceive naturally for over a year with having regular and unprotected sex, then they should consider meeting a fertility consultant and follow a plan as advised.
Nearly 27.5 million couples in India who are actively seeking children suffer from infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART), which includes in-vitro fertilization (IVF), is used primarily for treatment of infertility. In spite of increasing demand for infertility treatment, only 1% of infertile couples in India seek treatment.
In India, today, an estimated 27.5 million couples in the reproductive age are suffering from lifetime infertility. With several contributing factors, infertility is officially a lifestyle disease. Fast paced lives, stressful work hours, excessive consumption of alcohol, unhealthy eating habits, adulteration in food, etc. are a few of the significant factors impacting fertility health of both men and women. In the present day and age, those nearing or are in the reproductive age bracket, cannot take their fertility health for granted.
By following a healthy and active lifestyle coupled with the right eating habits, one must also ensure regular health check-ups to stay on track, along with taking the right treatment at the right time to avoid any future health complications.
The inability to give birth to a child when desired is a very personal and stressful experience. Many myths surround this area of human life. Though medical science has brought about a rapidly growing number of interventions and technologies to assist individuals toward pregnancy, much of this is misunderstood. When a couple is unable to conceive naturally, they should seek fertility treatment to understand and address the root cause of the problem and undergo necessary treatment rather than subjecting themselves to guilt and depression.
Though fertility health has been in conversation for a long time in the society, infertility as a disease has still not garnered the required awareness. Many Indians are still unaware about infertility, its causes and treatments. Creating awareness about this important health aspect and the available treatment options is crucial in helping couples gain understanding of various conditions pertaining to infertility and opting for the right treatment plan.