What is Abnormal Period?
Menstrual periods can differ from woman to woman. For most women, the average menstrual period extends from 4 to 7 days. Usually, menstrual cycles range from 21 days to 35 days. However, when a woman undergoes menstrual cycles that differ greatly from these typical parameters, it is known as abnormal periods. An abnormal menstrual cycle can involve irregular periods, non-existent periods, and periods with extremely heavy bleeding.
Symptoms of Abnormal Periods
The common symptoms of abnormal menstruation include the following:
- Irregular Periods: A woman's menstrual period lasts for more than 7 days and she suffers from frequent bleeding or spotting (light bleeding between menstrual cycles, after intercourse, or after menopause). Also some women suffer from prolonged menstrual cycles when duration of cycle is more than 35 days.
- Heavy Bleeding: A woman soaks through her tampons or pads in less than two hours or has to use more than 5 tampons or pads in a single day to contain her bleeding.
Causes of Abnormal Periods
There are a number of factors that can bring about abnormal periods in a woman. Some of the significant factors are mentioned below:
- Stress and anxiety
- Lifestyle factors and changes (such as sudden weight gain or weight loss, illness, dieting, disruption of daily routine, travel, etc.)
- Birth control pills
- Uterine fibroids
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Premature ovarian insufficiency
- Cervical, uterine, vaginal, or ovarian cancer
- Medications, such as anticoagulant drugs steroids or steroids
What to Do in Case of Abnormal Periods?
The best course of action to adopt is to consult a doctor. Depending on the underlying cause of the abnormality in the menstrual period, the doctor will be able to suggest appropriate remedies to address the problem and overcome it.