How is Laparoscopy related to infertility?
Laparoscopy is used by gynaecologists and fertility doctors to examine the pelvic and abdominal areas of a woman for identifying any issues. This procedure lets the doctors look into the abnormalities that interfere with a woman's ability to get pregnant. Some of the problems identified via laparoscopy include ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, pelvic adhesions and endometriosis. General anaesthesia is given to patients before performing laparoscopy.
Laparoscopy Used for Infertility Treatment
Doctors recommend laparoscopy for infertility treatment since they get a chance to look closely into the abdominal or pelvic section and identify the factors contributing to infertility. Laparoscopy comes handy in identifying the problems in their nascent stages. For example, severe endometriosis is easily identified through ultrasound, but minimal or mild endometriosis can only be diagnosed successfully using laparoscopy surgery.
Also, pelvic adhesions can be identified only through this procedure, since the scar tissues or adhesion are not clearly visible in ultrasound, X-ray or CT scans. Adhesions interrupt conceiving in women when they make it difficult for the egg reach the fallopian tube during ovulation. Laparoscopy is also a less painful procedure and saves the patient from undergoing regular surgery and allows them to be discharged after two-three days in the hospital.
Who Will Require Laparoscopy?
Couples who have completed basic infertility tests for ovarian reserve, ovulation, semen analysis for male, and hysterosalpingogram for female can go for laparoscopy for further treatment.
Also, when fertility doctors are suspicious about certain conditions that can be identified only through laparoscopy they suggest the same to their patients. For instance, if the doctors identify a history of ruptured appendix or severe pelvic infection in the patient, the chances of having pelvic adhesions are high in this case and hence a laparoscopic procedure is a must.
Laparoscopy helps to diagnose and treat problems early on in women thereby preventing further health issues in them.