Risk Factors Linked To Male Infertility

Risk Factors Linked To Male Infertility

A couple's inability to conceive and have a baby isn't always related to the woman's infertility issue. Sometimes, the problem may lie with the man as well. Yes, male infertility is a pretty common cause in this matter. In fact, male infertility accounts for around 40% to 50% of infertility in human beings. There are a number of risk factors that can lead to the decline of fertility in men. Outlined below are some of the major risk factors for male infertility:


The level of blood testosterone in healthy males begins to decline in their thirties. This decline is termed as symptomatic hypogonadism and is associated with decreased libido and erectile dysfunction in aging males.


Obesity is a marked risk factor for male infertility. Men with an abnormally high body weight experience an increase in insulin levels in their bodies along with the lowering of testosterone levels. Additionally, low libido and erectile dysfunction are also linked with obesity.


Stress may not be the dominant risk factor for male infertility, but it does have an effect on the issue. Several forms of stress can impact male reproduction and fertility.

Use of Drugs and Alcohol

Use of various types of drugs, marijuana, and tobacco can have a negative impact on sperm count and lead to an increased risk of infertility in males. Even consumption of heavy alcohol can have a similar impact on the males.

Caffeinated Beverages

Caffeinated beverages may hinder male fertility and pave the way for infertility. As per a study, men who drink more than three cups of tea every day are linked with a decreased fertility level.


Smoking is known to decrease sperm count and motility in males. This can cause a lessening of sperm concentration and male infertility.


Exercises have always been linked with a number of health benefits. However, it has been found that some forms of exercise can impact the male reproductive system in a negative manner. Strenuous exercise routines followed over a long duration of time can be deleterious for semen parameters. Also, resistance exercise leads to a decline in testosterone, increasing the risk of male infertility.

Heat Exposure

Exposure to extreme temperatures can result in heating of testicles. This can affect the sperm health and enhance the risk of infertility.

Managing the Risk Factors Related to Male Infertility

The increased risk of infertility in males can be reversed with proper treatment under an expert medical practitioner.