What Are the Major Causes of Female Infertility?

What Are the Major Causes of Female Infertility?

Many women want to conceive but find it difficult to get pregnant. Infertility is the inability to get pregnant in spite of having unprotected sex during the time of ovulation without using any birth control methods . Let's take a look at the major causes of female infertility.


A woman is fertile in her early 20s to late-20s. Her fertility decreases from her late 20 onwards and usually declines at 35 years of age. That's why a woman in her late 30s finds it difficult to conceive.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a common hormonal issue many women of childbearing age face. The ovaries could develop tiny follicles which contains fluid, due to which the egg cannot be released. It could lead to irregular periods and increase the male hormone, androgen.

Inability to Ovulate and Hormonal Issues

Usually, a woman of childbearing age goes through hormonal changes every month. However, for some women, as the hormones are not released, the egg won't be released from the ovary. This could affect conception

Premature Ovarian Failure

Premature ovarian failure is a condition in which the ovaries don't release eggs or function the usual way. It could stop estrogen production and lead to menopause before 40 years of age.

Fallopian Tube Damage

If there is any damage to the woman's fallopian tubes, it will be difficult for the sperm to reach the egg. Even if the sperm somehow fertilizes the egg, the fertilized egg won't be able to pass freely through the damaged fallopian tubes into the uterus.


Endometriosis is the condition in which the uterine lining grows outside the uterus instead of inside. It is a painful disorder which could cause infertility.

Unexplained reasons

Sometimes your doctor would do a complete check but cannot find any reason why there is a difficulty to conceive. These unexplained reasons can be hard as you will not know how to rectify the problem.
Some of the other causes of female infertility are as follows:

  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Body weight
  • Eating disorders
  • Alcohol or drug use
  • Fibroids
  • Thyroid problems
  • Stress

If you have been trying to conceive and are finding it difficult, you don't have to worry. With the advancement in medical science and technology, doctors have found many excellent treatments to treat infertility. The key is to consult an expert at the right time.

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