What are Symptoms of Endometriosis Scarring?
Endometriosis is a condition wherein the endometrial tissue lining the inside of the uterus begins to grow outside. This can affect the ovaries, fallopian tubes and other organs in the pelvic area. Over time, this displaced tissue can be transformed into scar tissue.
Endometriosis can be classified as minimal, mild, moderate or severe depending on the extent of the endometrial implants and scarring which is usually seen in the moderate and severe stages of endometriosis.
Symptoms of Endometriosis Scarring
Endometriosis is asymptomatic in many cases. Symptoms usually begin to be noticed in the later stages of this condition. They can include:
Scar tissue caused by endometriosis on the ovaries can cause cramps and pain in the abdomen just before menstruation. The intensity of this pain varies from person to person. Once the menstrual period is over, the pain usually reduces on its own.
Pain during Sexual Intercourse
Even if the scar tissue affects a very small area, it can cause intense discomfort when irritated. Hence, penetration during sexual intercourse can be quite painful. Another way scar tissue can make intercourse painful is when it pulls the walls of the reproductive organs together through adhesions.
Pain during Urination or While Passing Stool
When scar tissue develops around the bladder or bowel, it can make urination and passing stool painful. This is because the scar tissue pulls the tissue.
Endometriosis is one of the common causes of infertility. When scar tissue develops around the ovaries, it can affect their ability to release an egg every month. If this scar tissue develops around the fallopian tubes, it may cause a blockage. This blockage, in turn, can keep the egg released by the ovaries from reaching the uterus. It also increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.