What is Endometritis?

What is Endometritis?

Endometritis is a condition wherein the endometrial tissue lining the inside of the uterus is inflamed. In some cases, it may also affect the myometrium and the parametrium. It is quite common amongst women who have recently given birth to a child but in some cases, it may also affect women who are not pregnant.

This is not a life-threatening condition but should be treated as soon as possible to prevent complications. If left untreated, Endometritis can cause complications with the functioning of the reproductive organs, infertility and other health issues.

Causes and Risk Factors of Endometritis

Endometritis is usually the result of an infection such as an STD like gonorrhoea or chlamydia, tuberculosis or other bacterial infections. The risk factors for this condition include:

  • Childbirth especially through a cesarean delivery or long labor
  • Miscarriage
  • Any medical procedure that involves the cervix and uterus
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Dilation and curettage
  • Placement of an intrauterine device

Given the risk factors, it is very easy to prevent endometritis by practising safe sex using condoms, getting regularly screened for STDs and ensuring that any surgical procedure needed is performed in a sterile environment with sterile equipment. If you are diagnosed with an STD, take the complete course of treatment as prescribed by the doctor.

Symptoms of Endometritis

Some of the common symptoms associated with this condition are:

  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
  • Abnormal discharge from the vagina
  • Constipation or discomfort during bowel movements
  • Fever
  • Pain in the lower abdomen, rectal area or pelvis

Possible Complications of Endometritis

If the infection is not treated in time, it can cause several complications such as:

  • Pelvic infection
  • Accumulation of pus in the uterus or pelvis
  • Infertility
  • Septicemia leading to a septic shock

Septicemia and septic shocks can be life-threatening. Thus, they must be treated immediately.