If a couple is unable to conceive a child after a year of well-timed unprotected sexual intercourse, the doctor may diagnose it as a case of infertility. Female infertility is as common as male infertility. However, it is usually more difficult to diagnose infertility in women as compared to infertility in men. Infertility is a common issue. It may be caused by physiological issues, hormonal issues or may have no identifiable cause. Almost 20% of couples with fertility problems are diagnosed with unexplained infertility.
Increasing Female Infertility - Reasons
The risk of infertility in women increases with age. The fertility potential starts decreasing after 32-33 years as after this age the quantity and the quality of the eggs declines which depletes the ovarian reserve. Hormonal imbalances caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and being underweight or overweight can also increase the risk of infertility by disrupting the ovulation cycle. Also the factors like tubal blockage and endometriosis increases the risk of infertility in women. In addition, if a woman does not have good overall health, she may find it hard to conceive and incidence of endometriosis is seen higher with women who have never conceived. External factors that could cause infertility include exposure to toxins, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.
Diagnosis and Treatment
A blood test and a few other tests such as an ultrasound or laparoscopy may be used to confirm a diagnosis of infertility. The good news is that almost all cases of infertility can be treated. Nowadays, there are many advanced techniques available for treating female infertility.
The ideal treatment for a couple depends on the conditions influencing infertility. For example, infertility caused by ovulation problems may be treated with oral medication, infertility caused by fibroid or endometrial polyps can be removed by laparoscopy or hysteroscopy. In cases of unexplained infertility, in vitro fertilization (IVF) with ICSI may be recommended.
The bottom line is that if you are a woman and suffering from infertility, it may be difficult for you to conceive naturally but with the right fertility treatment, you can still have a child of your own.
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