How is Aspermia Diagnosed?
Aspermia is one of the causes of male infertility. It is a condition in which the male body does not produce any semen during ejaculation. As semen is not released from the body, there arises no question of egg fertilisation and occurrence of pregnancy. Outlined below are the methods usually applied to diagnose aspermia:
Aspermia diagnosis involves the following tests:
- Analysis of the patient’s history:
An elaborate analysis of the patient’s history is done to understand the conditions and causes related to the disorder.
- Physical examination:
This involves the physical examination of the testicles and genitalia of the patient. It is done to make sure that all the essential male reproductive parts, like tubules and vas deferens, are present.
- Post-ejaculation urine test:
This test is carried out to confirm if semen is present in the urine or not. It helps to confirm the condition of retrograde ejaculation.
- Blood tests:
The blood tests are done to ascertain the level of hormones present in the blood of the patient. A very low level of testosterone leads to low level of semen as well.
- Radioimmunoassay (RIA):
This test is done to check the sex hormone levels in the blood. In men with aspermia, the levels of testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone decrease while the level of luteinizing hormone increases.
- Microscopic examination of sperm:
Minute evaluation of the sperm cells is carried out under a microscope in this test.
- Chemical analysis of semen:
This test determines whether there is a decrease in the fructose concentration in the semen and if the pH is low.
- Imaging studies:
This involves transrectal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. It checks if there are any damages in the seminal vesicles or the prostate gland.