If you are planning to have a baby, it's essential to know that there are many parts of your body that need to function well in order to conceive. Your uterus should be healthy, your ovaries must produce eggs regularly every month, and your fallopian tubes need to be open and unblocked.

If one of these parts is not working appropriately, then you will have trouble getting pregnant. In order to evaluate the exact cause of infertility, doctors will recommend a test called hysterosalpingography (HSG)

What is HSG?

Hysterosalpingography, usually referred to as HSG, is an x-ray test performed to inspect any blockage in the fallopian tubes. This test is also used to check whether the uterus is in good condition and free of any fibroids, polyps or scar tissues. This test lasts for about 30 minutes or less.

How is the Test Performed?

For this procedure, a thin catheter is inserted through the vagina into the uterus, and a contrast liquid dye is injected. The dye spreads taking the shape of the womb, making it possible to see the fallopian tubes clearly in the fluoroscopic x-ray. The dye should flow freely through the uterus if there is no blockage. If the dye stops spreading at any point, it may be a sign of tubal blockage.

A tubal blockage is the most common cause of infertility among women and if diagnosed, doctors suggest a surgical repair or opting directly for IVF.

What Happens After the HSG?

Recovery is very quick after the hysterosalpingography since it is a diagnostic-only test. You can resume your regular routine the very next day. HSG is generally safe and free of complications but some women may experience a little bit of spotting and cramps.

Contact your doctor immediately if the side effects are drastic and you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Fainting
  • Fever
  • Severe pain
  • Vomiting

It is safe to go for the test and the above mentioned complications are a rare phenomenon.

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